The antioxidant, antimicrobial, and clinical effects with elemental contents of pomegranate (Punica granatum) peel extracts: A review


  • Abdul Qahir Higher and Technical Education Department, Balochistan, Quetta 87300­, Pakistan
  • Attiq-Ur-Rehman Kakar Higher and Technical Education Department, Balochistan, Quetta 87300­, Pakistan
  • Naqeebullah Khan Higher and Technical Education Department, Balochistan, Quetta 87300­, Pakistan
  • Samiullah Higher and Technical Education Department, Balochistan, Quetta 87300­, Pakistan
  • Abdul Hakeem Higher and Technical Education Department, Balochistan, Quetta 87300­, Pakistan
  • Rehana Kamal Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bolan University of Medical and Health Sciences, Quetta 87300-Pakistan
  • Fazal-Ur-Rehman Faculty of Life Sciences, Department of Microbiology, University of Balochistan, Quetta 87300-Pakistan



antimicrobial activity, antioxidant, clinical activity, peel, pomegranate


Pomegranate belongs to the family of Punicaceae. It has deciduous shrubs. Pomegranate is generally cultivated in Afghanistan, China, Iran, India, Pakistan, USA. This study aimed to review the pomegranate peels for exploring their importance in the field of health. This review showed that Pomegranate is used as food and plays a vital role in the medicinal field. Because pomegranate fruit and its peel extraction contain various compounds like antioxidants, phenolic Acid, flavonoids, tannins etc., that have been found very effective in the health field. Due to the presence of antioxidants and other active compounds, pomegranates' peel is imperative for the betterment of human health. Besides, various medicines, such as antidiarrheal medicines, may be prepared from the peel extract of Pomegranate. Peel extract can act against various microbes such as Klebsiella pneumonia and Staphylococcus epidermidis, Bacillus subtilis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Salmonella typhi, E. coli, S. aureus etc. The pomegranate strip and root have been accounted for in creatures to diminish blood glucose activity. It concludes that further research is needed to explore the hidden characteristics of pomegranate peel.


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How to Cite

Abdul Qahir, Kakar, A.-U.-R., Naqeebullah Khan, Samiullah, Abdul Hakeem, Rehana Kamal, & Fazal-Ur-Rehman. (2021). The antioxidant, antimicrobial, and clinical effects with elemental contents of pomegranate (Punica granatum) peel extracts: A review. Baghdad Journal of Biochemistry and Applied Biological Sciences, 2(01), 21–28.