Diagnostic methods and protocols used in investigating Toxoplasma gondii in humans: A review


  • Shmeeran S. Ismael Department of Medical Laboraatories Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Duhok, Duhok, Iraq




serological diagnosis, serotyping, T. gondii, toxoplasmosis, molecular diagnosis


Toxoplasmosis, a zoonotic disease, is a parasitic infection caused by a coccidian protozoan Toxoplasma gondii. In immunocompetent people, the infection is asymptomatic, while it can produce serious signs in immunocompromised people and in developing fetuses. Accurate diagnosis is dependent, mainly, on the clinical features. However, in immunocompromised patients, the diagnosis is very difficult and may lead to misdiagnosis and improper treatment. Today, molecular diagnosis and serotyping are widely used for the diagnosis of T. gondii in many countries. The aim of the present short review is to highlight the current diagnostic methods and protocols that are used for the diagnosis of T. gondii in humans.


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How to Cite

Ismael, S. (2021). Diagnostic methods and protocols used in investigating Toxoplasma gondii in humans: A review. Baghdad Journal of Biochemistry and Applied Biological Sciences, 2(04), 181–186. https://doi.org/10.47419/bjbabs.v2i04.72



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