Atherogenic indices in clinical practice and biomedical research: A short review

Atherogenic indices and cardiovascular diseases


  • Hussein A. Abid Medical Laboratory Technology Department, Technical Institute of Baquba, Middle Technical University, Baqubah 32001, Iraq
  • Zainab S. Abid Health Directorate of Diyala, Ministry of Health, Baqubah 32001, Iraq
  • Shireen A. Abid Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Diyala, Baqubah 32001, Iraq



atherogenic index of plasma, atherogenic coefficient, coronary artery disease, dyslipidemia, lipid ratios


Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) represent a major cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. To date, many physicians still requesting traditional lipid profile tests (TG, TC, HDL-C, and LDL-C) to confirm the clinical diagnosis related to CVD. However, using these tests may be inadequate for the prediction of CVD risk, especially in intermediate risk. For better clinical practice, laboratory diagnostic alternatives should constantly be evaluated and developed by physicians and laboratory scientists. In this review, we sought to focus on the benefits of lipid ratios (CRI-, CRI-II, AIP, AC, and CHOLindex) in supporting clinical diagnosis and how they can be calculated. To attain this aim, a literature search in reputed databases (PubMed and Scopus) was performed and peer-reviewed research articles were included to conduct this review. Short theoretical and practical notes about each index were accordingly included along with calculation formulas. Thus, the current article can assist new researchers and young physicians to review what supports their knowledge in managing early CVDs.    


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How to Cite

Abid , H., Abid, Z., & Abid, S. . (2021). Atherogenic indices in clinical practice and biomedical research: A short review: Atherogenic indices and cardiovascular diseases. Baghdad Journal of Biochemistry and Applied Biological Sciences, 2(02), 59–69.